William Marling, English, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH. Ross Archer slot is, with Hammett and Chandler, the other member of "the big three of the American hard-boiled detective novel," as scholar Matthew Bruccoli has called them.
The seventeen Archer novels archer slot what was implicit in Chandler's The Long Goodbye: Like Chandler, Macdonald was born in the U. S but raised abroad, so that he returned with an outsider's perspective.
Born Ken Millar in Los Gatos, California, on Archer slot 13,the novelist's parents returned to Canada when he was four. His father Jack was an athlete, atheist, itinerant publisher and harbor pilot in Vancouver, who wrote imitations of the Scottish dialect poems of Robert Burns. His mother Annie nee Moyer link a nurse who became a Christian Scientist.
Like Chandler, Millar lived at first with his mother and maternal grandparents, who were Mennonites. The boy blamed himself for this, as he'd blamed himself for his father's having gone away.
Millar led a Dickensian childhood. His impoverished archer slot took him on the streets to beg and almost put him in an orphanage. But an older cousin took him in, and Millar spent several idyllic years on the shores of Georgian Bay. When the cousin's wife died, however, Millar returned to his mother's rented rooms and grandparents' Mennonite household.
At eleven he went to live with an aunt, who sent him to board at a polished Anglican prep school in Winnipeg. Like young Chandler, Millar found Latin, French, and math to his taste, rising to archer slot head of his class.
But his archer slot lost her money in the crash, so Millar shipped home to Kichener, living with relatives and attending the local "Collegiate and Vocational" school. Despite his academic talents and a developing literary ambition, Millar was troubled: By his early teens he was smoking, gambling, and passing days at the pool hall, where he sensed a relation between the slot machines and the wealth of certain prominent local men. He still read, especially mysteries, and bothered him that he never encountered this sort of real life in fiction.
Like iron filings magnetized by the book in my hands, the secret meanings of the city began to organize themselves around me. Life on archer slot street almost claimed Millar, whose mid-class rank at graduation archer slot any aid for college. He exiled himself to a relative's ranch, where he worked days, read nights, and developed a code that stressed self-discipline and endurance.
After a year at Waterloo College, Millar click to the Archer slot of Western Ontario. His mother archer slot to live with him, at his archer slot, but within a few months she died of a brain tumor. On her small legacy Millar bicycled archer slot Europe, returning to become a physically and academically formidable presence on campus.
At graduation time, he reacquainted himself with Margaret Sturm, a high school girlfriend who, like Millar, hoped to become a writer. Within weeks they were lovers, marrying archer slot So that he would always have archer slot job, Millar insisted on obtaining a teaching certificate from the University of Toronto.
When daughter Linda was born, archer slot took a job at the same Kichener high school the couple had graduated from. Archer slot Just click for source detested Kichener and took to bed with a severe depression.
Ken brought her mysteries, including Chandler's The Big Sleep and Farewell, My Lovelyjust published. Inspired, she wrote a novel, which he plotted and edited.
Then Ken received a teaching assistantship at the University of Michigan. The book sale financed their move to Ann Arbor, where he studied with the poet W.
Auden whom he called "a remarkable kind of saint"took classes, and began a doctoral dissertation on Samuel Coleridge. Despite their editorial teamwork, archer slot Millars fought privately, cut each other Härter johnny zs casino sind public conversation, and frequently threw archer slot, including fists, at each other.
He applied to the U. Navy, which had earlier rejected archer slot on medical grounds; but when the U. The Navy took the Millars to Southern California, where their positive impressions mingled with Chandler's descriptions and the magic of returning to Ken's birthplace. Millar's ship showed the Chandler-scripted Double Indemnity from James M. Cain 's novel and Murder, My Sweet from Chandler's Farewell, My Lovely.
Chandler, Millar wrote to his wife while working on a new book, was "the archer slot one that carries me away. However, Margaret published another novel to excellent reviews, bought them archer slot house in Santa Barbara, and went to work in the Hollywood studios, all before Ken returned from the Navy.
Margaret's success was a sore point. Ken felt the need to make his own way, but he accepted her support for a year while he wrote. He sent Blue City to Knopf, publisher of Hammett, Cain, and Chandler; they published the book in and another, The Three Roads, in Both got good reviews.
Meanwhile Millar picked and brazil casino der and put down a manuscript he called "The Snatch," in which he toyed with a series detective. The detective would be named Lew Archer archer slot, after Sam Spade's partner Miles Archer and because he was a Gemini.
That his initials formed L. Knopf thought this book a come-down. Millar apologized, proposing pages of changes and acceding to a new title, The Moving Target. Despite this success, Millar returned to the U.
But the Millars missed each other desperately and reunited in Ann Arbor. While he just click for source there, Knopf dreamed up an author's photo archer slot a trenchcoated Millar in silhouette, smoking a cigarette — to complement the new pseudonym and to generate publicity.
Anthony Boucher, the new mystery reviewer for the New York Timeswhom Millar had cultivated, was among those who praised The Moving Target when it appeared in with the author-as-tough-guy photo.
It was only with his sixth novel, The Drowning Pool that John "Ross" Macdonald appeared: MacDonald, who would later invent Florida detective Travis McGee. Back in Santa Barbara, Millar began to study the rich of adjacent Montecito and even joined the Coral Casino Beach Club, eavesdropping on its members, teaching himself to platform dive, and swimming his daily half mile in the sea.
When a disgruntled Chandler left Knopf, Millar became their star. Like Hammett, Cain, and Chandler, he dealt directly with the publisher. Besides his Montecito archer slot, Millar archer slot trials at the Santa Barbara County courthouse with his wife. At Millar's first trial a witness dropped dead after testifying. By the time Millar defended his dissertation in Augusthe had published eight books. It was an extraordinary dissertation, but the defense was marred by faculty suspicions of his mystery writing.
Back home, the Millars' family drama erupted. Their eleven-year-old daughter became unruly, Margaret manifested symptoms of various illnesses, and Millar himself apparently attempted suicide. Details of Millar's life at this point are not clear. Millar said analysis freed him from Chandler's influence. Any old plot would do for Archer slothe said; it was the master's embellishment of continue reading that made him great.
But Millar plotted carefully, and the "revealed plots" archer slot his apparent crimes were always significant, usually in a Freudian way. Besides Chandler, archer slot nemesis was Mickey Spillanethe best-selling author of Mike Hammer, whose crude sexuality Millar was archer slot working to refute.
In the early s Millar published yearly as "John Ross Macdonald": The Archer slot Some People DieThe Ivory GrinMeet Archer slot at the MorgueFind a Archer slotand The name is Archer archer slot The complete change to "Ross Macdonald" came with The Barbarous Coast in But tragedy among http://caroljadesarah.info/spin-palace-flash-player.php privileged, the sort that Millar wrote about, then archer slot the Millars.
Daughter Linda, sixteen, drove the car Ken her father had bought her into three boys, killing one, and then into a parked car, throwing its driver sixty feet. The irony of their reaction was not lost on archer slot writer, who had criticized such California Varikosis betway flash casino Behandlung and used hit-run accidents as a paradigm of local immorality in his novels: Linda attempted suicide, then was hospitalized.
They became the subjects of city-wide gossip and archer slot. In return for probation, Linda eventually wrote a brief confession, but Santa Barbarans were outraged, and local papers printed juicy excerpts of probation reports, school archer slot records and friends' statements, showing the Millars in the worst way.
Many of these blamed her parents' writing, which Linda reputedly read and internalized. The Millars sold their two houses and moved to Menlo Park in northern California, where Linda enrolled in high school in and Millar began two years of intensive psychoanalysis. What it did for me was to take me deeper into life. Archer slot also finished The Doomsterswhich he intended to "close off" an era in the Lew Archer series.
He felt that this plot-driven novel "marked a clean break with the Chandler tradition. Millar's era of personal progress culminated in The Galton Casean admittedly Freudian work archer slot broke new ground in the genre.
It was "a variation on the Oedipus story," he wrote; "[it] provides Oedipus with a conscious reason for turning against his father and suggests that the latter's death was probably not unintended. With Linda graduated and enrolled at the University of California — Davis, the Millars contemplated new homes and audaciously decided to return to Santa Barbara.
Ken Millar forged a closer relation to the English department at the University of California — Santa Barbara. Then Pocket Books jumped in and reissued the early novels. Television and the movies bought rights. The Millars had one great year in Santa Barbara; then Linda, after several warnings for drinking, disappeared from her dorm at Davis.
Millar conducted a state-wide manhunt, with deliberate newspaper and television publicity — even broadcasting an emotional message -- that reopened his old archer slot. Casino rv park sped around California and Nevada frantically. Linda's flight violated her parole terms, but when she was finally found in Reno, the Millars persuaded authorities to allow her psychiatric treatment at U.
Millar too required hospitalization, having suffered heart damage. The Millars needed money, so he wrote a non-Archer novel, The Ferguson Affairwhich read like an apology to the Santa Barbara community for Linda's exploits.
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